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### 关于统计数据的几点认识

• 出版日期:2017-11-15 发布日期:2017-11-25

### Some Understandings on Statistical Data

Li Jinchang

• Online:2017-11-15 Published:2017-11-25

Abstract: This paper is a focused discussion of the widely-known concept of "Statistical Data." Based on its understanding of data, it attempts to fathom the meaning of Statistical Data and its course of evolution, and holds that all recorded events are data and all data that can be processed through the statistical method are Statistical Data. Taking the well-known Pearson Debate on alcoholism and offspring as an example to reflect the confusion brought about by Statistical Data in analysis and research using statistical methods, it argues that the main components of statistics is problem, data and method. Whereas method revolves round data, data is oriented by problem. Then, addressing a few questions - what is Big Data Thinking, what is Small Data and why should Small Date be studied - this paper indicates that while Small Data needs to be studied based on Big Data, Big Data needs to be mined through Small Data. Finally, it concludes that the trend in which statistics is developing is such that the value of data needs to be fully mined. Categorizing the foundamental routes of Big Data analysis, this paper proposes that the analysis of Big Data should focus on a series of complicated questions, such as statistical measurement, data silos, semi-random, outlier and the integration of induction and deduction.