• 论文 •

中国农村贫困标准与贫困监测

• 出版日期:2016-09-15 发布日期:2016-09-14

Rural Poverty Lines and Poverty Monitoring in China

Xian Zude et al.

• Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-14

Abstract:

Poverty line is of great importance in poverty measurement. Before exactly analyzing on poverty conditions in rural China, it is necessary to have full understanding of the measurement approach and the relevant living standard indentified by the national poverty lines for rural residents. In this paper it first studies the rural poverty measurement approach and poverty line update method, analyzes the real living standard identified by the current national poverty line for rural residents, and compares with the other two national poverty lines adopted in China in the past and the current international poverty lines raised by the World Bank. Then it gives a brief introduction to the poverty monitoring system and makes a quantitative analysis of the poverty reduction achievements and multidimensional poverty alleviation achievements in rural China. It finds that: 1)Suited to the national conditions and development stage of China, the current national poverty line for rural residents is in line with a stable living standard taking the requirements of “enough food, enough clothing, and adequate compulsory education, safe housing and medical services” into consideration. 2) Based on this poverty line, China has made huge achievements in poverty reduction ever since 1978. The poverty-stricken rural population in China decreased by more than 700 million from 1978 to 2015. 3) In recent years, poverty reduction speeded up with prominent achievements in China. The poverty-stricken rural population has declined significantly in both China’s rural areas and poor areas. The per capita income for rural residents in poor areas has increased faster than the rural average level. The living situations and public infrastructures and services have improved gradually in both China’s rural areas and poor areas. 4) In practice, it should fully understand and carefully deal with some relationships, such as the relationship between national line and local line, that between single standard and multidimensional standard, and that between the sample survey data for poverty monitoring and the administrative record for poverty registering. The statistical information in this paper is mainly based on national household surveys and rural poverty monitoring survey in China.