• 论文 •

### 隐性收入对当前中国居民消费率低估的影响机理 ——基于国民经济核算原理和实务的探讨

• 出版日期:2014-07-15 发布日期:2014-07-14

### Impact Mechanism of Hidden Income on the Underestimation of China's Consumption Rate--A Discussion Based on Principles and Practices of the National Accouting

Gao Minxue

• Online:2014-07-15 Published:2014-07-14

Abstract: The fact of the ratio of households’ consumption to GDP (consumption rate) is underestimated is concerned with the basic judgment about the China's macro-economic structure. Although the underestimation has been discussed from the viewpoint of gray costs, it’s never been analyzed in the context of the national accounting framework. Analyzing the backgrounds and forms of the gray costs in a broader sense of hidden income and hidden consumption helps to study the impact of underestimation of gray costs on the underestimation of consumption. Under the symmetric GDP accounting framework, this paper analyzes the hidden income and its effect on the hidden consumption based on Chinese accounting practices. The results show although the Chinese consumption rate is underestimated due to the hidden income, the underestimation of consumption rate and the underestimation of GDP concur. Therefore, it is not reasonable to re-estimate the consumption rate only through the adjustment of proportion of investment, government consumption and household consumption, and it is more ridiculous to regard the overestimation of investment in the economic sense as that in the accounting sense.