统计研究 ›› 2013, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (11): 11-19.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

GDP核算中自有住房服务虚拟计算的中日比较

李洁   

  • 出版日期:2013-11-15 发布日期:2013-11-04

Comparison between China and Japan by Virtual Computing of Owner Occupied Housing Services Based on GDP Accounting

Li Jie   

  • Online:2013-11-15 Published:2013-11-04

摘要: 对居民自有住房服务进行的虚拟住房租金的估算通常是国内生产总值核算中金额最大的虚拟计算。本文介绍了日本和中国GDP核算中对虚拟住房租金的估算方法及其修订变迁,并对两个国家的相关统计数据进行了详细的比较。比较结果显示,第一次经济普查前中国的居民自有住房服务被严重低估,即使现在的最新统计与日本相比也仍然有很大低估的可能性。而日本现行的分地区的核算方法,也许会为中国今后改进虚拟住房租金估算方法时提供一个借鉴。

关键词: 虚拟计算, 自有住房服务, 市场房租估算法, 成本估算法

Abstract: Imputation is a unique concept important in national accounts, and also a controversial one. For owner-occupied dwellings, the rent charged to accounts is considered to be paid just like in the case of rental dwellings. This way of recording is called imputed rents, and it is the largest imputation for GDP. Imputed rent is recorded on both sides of the output of the real estate, on the production side, and the household final consumption expenditure on the expenditure side. This paper describes the historical background and the estimation methods of imputed rents in Japan and China. The paper also makes a detailed comparison of the two countries on relevant statistics. The comparison shows that there is high possibility that China's imputed rents had been seriously underestimated by 2005, and compared to Japan are still being underestimated now.

Key words: Virtual Computing, Owner-occupied Dwellings, Rent Market Approach, Cost Approach