统计研究 ›› 2011, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 3-6.

• 论文 •    下一篇

出口导向经济模式的形成、问题与前景

“中国2007年投入产出表分析应用”课题组   

  • 出版日期:2011-02-15 发布日期:2011-02-25

The Formation, Problems and Prospects of Export-oriented Economy of China

Research Group of Input-Output Table of China 2007   

  • Online:2011-02-15 Published:2011-02-25

摘要: 改革开放三十年来,出口作为经济增长的而一个重要方面,在我国经济增长过程中发挥了重要作用。本文通过运用投入产出的分析方法,利用1997、2002、2007三张投入产出表,分析随着我国对外贸易依存度的逐步提升,产业结构发生相应的变化。通过分析认为我国的出口导向型经济发展模式在资源角度与收入分配方面面临可持续发展的挑战。提出在推动结构战略性调整和转变过程中,有必要主动利用国家政策介入收入分配调整,推动企业主动采取技术创新,才能改变出口导向模式不可持续的发展路径,最终实现经济社会与环境的协调可持续发展。

关键词: 出口导向 ;, 投入产出分析 ;收入分配

Abstract: During the three decades since Reform and Opening up, exports has played an important role in the economic growth of China. In this paper, input-output analysis method has been used in the analysis based on the 3 input-output tables (1997, 2002, 2007). The analysis shows that China’s export-oriented economy development model is facing sustainable development challenges in the aspects of resources and income distribution. We argue that in the process of promoting structural adjustment and strategic transformation, we should take the initiative to adjust income distribution by polices and to encourage enterprises to take technology innovation, and to make the eventual realization of coordinated and sustainable development of economy and environment.

Key words: Export-oriented, Input-output Analysis, Income Distribution