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### 空气污染治理与公众健康———来自“大气十条”政策的证据

• 出版日期:2021-09-25 发布日期:2021-09-27

### Air Pollution Control and Public Health:Evidence from “Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan” in China

FanDan Ye Yuqi Wang Weiguo

• Online:2021-09-25 Published:2021-09-27

Abstract: To explore the health effects of “Air Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan” (hereinafter referred to as the Policy), this paper is based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) data and provincial panel data, uses the DID method based on Multinomial Logit Model (Logit-DID), from micro and macro dimensions to investigate health effects and transmission mechanism of the Policy, and further conducts heterogeneity analysis to investigate the internal causes of environmental health inequalities. This paper finds that the Policy can not only effectively control the incidence rate and proportion of death highly related to air pollution, but also indirectly reduce the diseases less affected by air pollution, and the health effects of the Policy are significant. Its transmission mechanism is to improve public health by controlling PM2. 5 concentration and have synergy in reducing the concentration of SO2 , NOx, smoke (dust) and other pollutants. Further analysis shows that the phenomenon of environmental welfare inequality still exists. The Policy has significantly reduced the incidence rate among people with a high incidence of diseases, and the health effects are more significant on women, urban residents and people with high incidence rates such as low and high age groups. This paper provides empirical evidence and policy reference for the government to construct the development path of environmental health and equality and promote the strategy of “Healthy China”.