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### 全球价值链要素收入与中国制造业竞争力研究

• 出版日期:2019-12-25 发布日期:2020-12-28

### Research on the Competitive Competence of China’s Manufacturing Industry Based on GVC Factor Income

Yang Yong

• Online:2019-12-25 Published:2020-12-28

Abstract: The domain of global value chain (GVC) competition has turned from “product“to “activity” and the domestic factor income other than gross export becomes a more intuitive trade benefit indicator. This paper constructs a method which can account GVC income at the sector and factor level respectively, and then applies it to the competitiveness evaluation for China′s manufacturing industry through the revealed comparative advantage index of GVC factor income. I use WIOT and SEA database to test the change in the RCA of China’s manufacturing GVC by sector and factor. The result is that factor income in China′s manufacturing GVC is growing rapidly, but the revealed comparative advantage of labor and tangible capital is disappearing and the RCA of intangible capital is still obvious comparatively. While GVC employment in China′s manufacturing industry is growing but nonfabricationoriented and serviceoriented trend is obvious. We should improve China’s GVC factor income and employment monitoring, matching mechanism of industrial chain at home and abroad, and promote specialization in high valueadded activities in the future. It is also a key point to build a matching and coordinating mechanism of value chain between home and abroad. Countries should strengthen evaluating the chain effect of accumulation along GVC of international trade policies and promote the competence of the GVC governance and coordination within the framework of multilateralism.