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### 环境“二维化”视角下的居民幸福感量化研究：来自中国CGSS数据的新证据

• 出版日期:2019-09-25 发布日期:2019-09-25

### Quantitative Study of Residents’ Wellbeing from the Perspective of a “Two-dimensional” Environment: New Evidence from China CGSS Data

Ma Xiaojun et al.

• Online:2019-09-25 Published:2019-09-25

Abstract: Wellbeing is not only the main goal of people’s lives, but also an important factor affecting people’s behavior. Based on the data of the China Comprehensive Social Survey (CGSS), this paper innovatively divides environmental factors into two dimensions from the perspective of “two-dimensionality” of the environment: objectively existing environmental pollution factors and resident subjective environmental behaviors; it uses optimized two-stage ordered Probit regression model and introduces control variables and instrument variables in the empirical process. The paper is based on the empirical analysis of the two ideas of “objectively existing environmental pollution factors-wellbeing” and “wellbeing-subjective environmental behavior of residents”, and examines the group differences that may be caused by economic factors and regional factors and conduct comparative analysis. The results show that both the impact of environmental pollution on wellbeing and subjective well-being on environmental behavior are significant and heterogeneous: there is indeed a correlation between the two. Environmental pollution affects residents’ physical health, quality of life and social activities with an impact on residents’ wellbeing, while residents’ environmental behavior vary according to individual income and wellbeing levels. This paper provides an indepth analysis of the mechanism of interaction between environment and wellbeing, and provides an effective reference for the formulation of government environmental policies, residents’ wellbeing improvement and public environmental protection participation.