统计研究

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长寿指数及其统计测量

郝乐   

  • 出版日期:2017-06-15 发布日期:2017-06-20

Longevity Index and Statistical Measurement

Hao Le   

  • Online:2017-06-15 Published:2017-06-20

摘要: 目前,衡量一个地区人口长寿程度的重要指标是该地区90岁及以上人口数量占该地区65岁及以上人口数量的千分比。但是,这个指标并不能反映出长寿人口群体内部年龄分布等更深层次的信息,比如,到底长寿人口群体长寿到什么程度,这些更深层次的信息对我们研究人口长寿和应对人口高龄化问题会有很大的帮助。为此,本文在原长寿人口比的基础上加以补充及修正,给出了人口长寿指数的新定义,并依此定义、利用我国第六次人口普查数据对我国各省区的人口长寿程度进行了更精确的统计测量及排序。

关键词: 长寿人口比, 长寿指数, 统计测量

Abstract: Until now, the important gauge to estimate the proportion of long-lived people in a region is still use the ratio of the people aged 90 to the elder to those aged 65 and the elder. However, the gauge couldn’t preciously reflect the information about the distribution of aging consequences of the long-lived people, for instance, the maximum of the life span. And the information is very helpful for us to research for the reasons of long-lived span of human beings and to solve the aging problems of the people. Therefore, we adjusted the gauge by adding some new ideas to it and got a new definition of longevity standard, based on the data of the Sixth Census of all the provinces and autonomous regions in our country, we estimated the consequences of the long-lived people and put them in order more accurately.

Key words: Proportion of Long-lived People, Longevity Index, Statistical Measurement